All about Private Limited Company


A private limited company is a legal entity. It is a company which is held by a relatively small group of people known as the shareholders of the company. Minimum of 2 people are required to start a private limited company but the total number of shareholders shall not exceed 200 during the life of the company. The company cannot raise fund through general public by issuing shares i.e. general public cannot take part in private limited companies. A private limited company have a mandatory compliance that has to be done every year. The company cannot raise fund through general public by issuing shares i.e. general public cannot take part in private limited companies.


  1. Maximum limit of shareholder is 200 and there is no interference of general public

  2. Liabilities of members is limited to the extent of their shareholding

  3. Separate Legal entity: the private limited company has a distinct identity from its member and directors.

  4. Control on the ownership of the company: Usually, the directors are the shareholders of the company, therefore, control and ownership remains in their own hand and no outsider interfere in the management of the company

  5. Easy to get borrowings and financial assistance from banks and financial institutions by issuing securities like debentures, deposits etc.

  6. Death and inability to continue as a member do not effect the legal status of the company. As the company will remain in existence even if the members or directors die.


Nowadays, the whole registration process is done online. Now no more paper work and physical verification are required to register a Company. We can register a Company without visiting any government office or department. An online request submitted to the Registrar of Companies for registration of a private limited company in Form no. INC-32 (SPICE) at the time of incorporation along with required documents and fees as prescribed under Companies (Registration offices and fees) Rules, 2014 which depend upon the capital structure of the company.


Step 1:- Application for allotment of DSC & DIN of the Directors of the company

Step 2:- Application for name reservation

Step 3:- Preparation of documents which are required for registration of company

Step 4:- Drafting of Memorandum of Association (MOA) & Article of Association (AOA)

of the company

Step 5:- Filing of Forms INC-32 (Spice) along with INC-33(MOA) & INC-34(AOA) to the ROC

Step 6:- Payment of application fees and Stamp Duty to the ROC

Step 7:- ROC will check and make verification of documents & Forms

Step 8:- ROC will issue Certificate of Incorporation


  1. Minimum two directors

  2. DIN & DSC of the directors

  3. Minimum 2 shareholders are required

  4. ID proof of the Directors (PAN Card)

  5. Address proof of the Directors (Aadhaar Card/ Driving License/ Passport)

  6. Address proof of the proposed company for registered office of the company:

  • If property is owned then sale deed or municipal tax receipt

  • If property is rented then rent agreement

  1. Utility Bill not older than 2 months

  2. NOC from the owner of the Property

  3. Contact details of the Directors and of the proposed company

  4. Certificate from Professional like Company Secretary, Chartered Accountant, Cost Accountant etc.

As per Companies Act, 1956 the minimum capital required for incorporation of a company is Rs 100000/- but, as per Companies Act, 2013 there is no minimum capital required i.e. a person can start his business with less than Rs. 100000/-.

The whole procedure is completed within 10-12 days


Registrar of Companies (ROC) comes under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs that deals with the administration of the Companies. There is total 22 Registrar of Companies in India. Usually, one state has one ROC, but there are some states having more than one ROC e.g. Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu and there are few states where one ROC for all of them e.g. Delhi & Haryana both has only one ROC. ROC maintains records related to the incorporation of companies, their compliances and oversees government policies on relating matters. The company will get registered with the Registrar of Companies in whose jurisdiction the registered office of the proposed company will fall.


Certain information is required to file with ROC. All companies are required to file certain documents every year. Failure in filing these information and documents can attract the penal provisions on company, directors and other officers of the company. Hence it is advisable for the management of the company to take proper care of all necessary compliances. There is two type of ROC Filing one is mandatory filing and another one is event-based filing.


  1. Within 30 days of incorporation of a company shall file information for the appointment of Auditor in Form ADT-1;

  2. Annual Return in Form AOC-4 and MGT-7 at the end of every financial year; and

If any company fails to file Annual Return to the ROC then the company will be punishable by a fine of Rs. 50,000/- which may extend to Rs. 5,00,000/-.


  1. Alteration or changes made in MOA or AOA;

  2. Appointment or removal of directors or changes in their designation;

  3. Appointment or removal of Auditor;

  4. Increase in Authorized Capital of the Company;

  5. Change the name or address of the company; etc.


  1. Annual General Meeting of the shareholders must be held by the company within 6 months at the end of every financial year

  2. Balance Sheet & Profit and Loss A/c of the company must be audited by the Chartered Accountant

  3. Audit Report from Chartered Accountant

  4. A copy of notice for AGM

  5. Director’s Report

  6. List of shareholders along with their shareholding

  7. Report must be signed by professionals like Company Secretary, Chartered Accountant, Cost Accountant

These are some of the important compliances a Private Limited Company has to take care of.

Author: Shivani Singh

Want to know more about Partnerships?

Most of the people are interested in the business line and want work on their own. We have seen many partnership firms but the question here arises is what do you know about Partnership? I think the topic is understood, i.e. Partnership. So, in this article, I am going to talk about Partnership and the different types of Partnerships. Let’s begin then.

Starting with the topic, the first thing I am going to talk about is Partnership. Partnership is the collaboration of individuals or parties in order to become partners and run their collaborated work, business, institution etc. All the decisions of the business are taken by the partner altogether and they will bear all the profits and losses equally or according to their share in the company. Not only in business, is partnership seen in other fields too like schools, food chains, hospitals etc.

If we talk about Partnership, then we must emphasize on some of the points in order to make it a successful one. One must ponder over the points which I am going to mention below:

  1. Communication: One of the key factors of a successful partnership is effective communication. In order to discuss and take important business decisions is transparency in communication. It avoids mismanagements of views and opinions between partners.
  2. Focus on the result: Another important point in a successful partnership includes the focus on your goal. Everyone must know the goal of their company, efforts they’ve to put in for that and ultimately the result.
  3. Level of commitment: All the partners should show their full commitment to their work and the level of commitment decides the success of the partnership.

The points mentioned above must be kept in mind in order to have a successful partnership. Moving further from this, now I am going to talk about the last topic of this article that is the Types of Partnerships. In this section, I am going to talk about the three types of partnerships, namely, general partnerships, limited partnerships and limited liability partnerships.

  1. General partnerships: This type of partnership is within the general partners. The responsibilities of the company are equally divided between its partners and all of them are involved in its management. It is considered to be one of the most undesirable kinds of partnerships because of the reason that in a general partnership, if one the partner is sued then the liability will be held by all other partners too.
  2. Limited partnership: In this type of management there are both, general as well as limited partners. Unlike general partnership, the management and responsibility of company in a limited partnership is not divided equally but in a limited manner. It may involve investors for providing fund who are not up for partnership. You can register online for your company or business in a limited partnership. The registration fees may vary from site to site.
  3. Limited liability partnership (LLP): If we compare this type of partnership to others then we will get to know that LLP is a bit different kind of partnership in which all the partners of a company or business have limited liability. Here limited liability means that all the partners have their share of rules and responsibilities, errors, punishments etc. If any of the partners commits a mistake then all the other members will not be liable for that. Everyone has their own limited liability. Many people go for Limited liability partnership registration. You can do the LLP registration online as there are many websites offering company registration.

Concluding the topic I would like to tell you guys then you can register for any of the partnerships. My suggestion will be LLP registration as it will be beneficial for all the partners. You can register on sites which will give you limited liability partnership steps and limited liability partnership registration fees etc. This is my personal choice and you can opt for other options too. What are you waiting for? Go and get your registrations done now!